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Niacin is another name for vitamin B3. It helps our bodies convert the carbohydrates in our body into glucose which in turn converts into the energy that we need. Vitamin B3 (Niacin) is one of the most important vitamins that we can have, because it helps our bodies stay healthy and metabolize extra fat as well as helping our nervous system. Niacin improves circulation, makes us have less cholesterol and helps our body produce certain hormones. Vitamin B is considered to be water-soluble, so it does not stay in our body.(4) Niacin is very natural, since it occurs in plants and fruits as well as animals.Niacin
can also occur in our bodies because of tryptopthon (ammino acid) (6).
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Many common foods contain Niacin. Many of these foods are all natural like plants and some animals. Pork, organs, red meat and milk are only a few on the foods that naturally contain niacin. Many people do not realize that they consume massive amounts of niacin every day. Because Niacin is in wheat, beans, rice, green vegetables and seeds it is consumed in almost every meal. Niacin also comes in the form of daily supplements. When in the form of supplements it is called, Vitamin B3, nicotinic acid, niacinamide and inositol hexaniacinate. Niacin supplements are used for many different therapeutic purposes, including lowering cholesterol and it is a great anti-inflammatory.(5)
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Since niacin occurs naturally, its already in the foods that we commonly eat. Niacin is added to a lot of the things we eat to give our body extra help in converting food into energy and also to prevent high cholesterol levels. Many chemists extract Niacin and put it into some of our foods, or in vitamins/pills because it is such a important vitamin.
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Niacin is one of the B vitamins needed to carry nutrients to the muscles for energy. Niacin is unique in that it helps your skin, regulate your appetite and keep your digestive system healthy it can also lower your bad cholesterol levels. Foods high in protein such as meat and nuts, need to be eaten to obtain niacin, it is not stored in the body.
Taking too much niacin causes your body to expel electrolytes and other nutrients, causing nausea vomiting, tiredness, dizziness and possibly damage to your organs. Taking over 75mgs of niacin each day can damage your liver.(5)

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The name Niacin was originally decided so it could be told apart from nicotine (7). Niacin can broken down to nicotinic acid, or niacinamide. The name basically tells us that Niacin is a acid.(4)

Niacin contains 2 oxygen's, I nitrogen, 6 carbons and 5 hydrogen's.

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Vitamin B3 consists of nicotinic acid (Niacin) and nicotinamide (niacinamide). Both can treat niacin deficiency, but only niacin can treat hyperlipidemia. Niacinamide wont lower lipids.(1)




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1. Feucht, Charles S. "Mainline 4-10-06." RxPERT USA Welcomes You. Feucht, 10 Apr. 2006. Web. 09 Nov. 2010. <http://rxpertusa.com/mainline/mainline4-10-06.html>.

2.3FC. "The Pros/Cons of Niacin Vitamins | 3FC." 3 Fat Chicks on a Diet! Famous Weight Loss Support. 26 Feb. 2010. Web. 09 Nov. 2010. <http://www.3fatchicks.com/the-proscons-of-niacin-vitamins/>.

3. STANDS4 LLC. "What Does Niacin Mean?" Definitions.net. Web. 09 Nov. 2010. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/niacin>.

4."Vitamin B3 (Niacin)." University of Maryland Medical Center. 2006. Web. 10 Nov. 2010. <http://www.umm.edu/altmed/articles/vitamin-b3-000335.htm>.

5."Niacin Information from Drugs.com." Drugs.com | Prescription Drugs - Information, Interaction & Side Effects. 2000-2010. Web. 10 Nov. 2010. <http://www.drugs.com/niacin.html>.

6."Food Data Chart - Niacin." Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Web. 10 Nov. 2010. <http://apjcn.nhri.org.tw/server/info/books-phds/books/foodfacts/html/data/data4c.html>.s